Objective. This study examined the association between presence of e-cigarette specialty retailers near schools and e-cigarette use among middle and high school students in Orange County (OC), CA.
Methods. The OC subsample of the 2013-2014 California Healthy Kids Survey (N=67,701) was combined with geocoded e-cigarette retailers to determine whether a retailer was present within one-quarter mile of each public school in OC. Multilevel logistic regression models evaluated individual-level and school-level e-cigarette use correlates among middle and high school students.
Results. Among middle school students, the presence of an e-cigarette retailer within one-quarter mile of their school predicted lifetime e-cigarette use (OR = 1.70, 95% CI=1.02, 2.83), controlling for confounders but no effect for current use. No significant effect was found for high school students.
Conclusions. E-cigarette specialty retailers clustered around schools may be an environmental influence on student e-cigarette experimentation.
Bostean, G., Crespi, C.M., Vorapharuek, P., & McCarthy, W.J. (2016). E-cigarette use among students and e-cigarette specialty retailer presence near schools. Health & Place, 42, 129-136. doi: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2016.09.012
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