Translation requires the specific attachment of amino acids to tRNAs by aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases (aaRSs) and the subsequent delivery of aminoacyl-tRNAs to the ribosome by elongation factor 1 alpha (EF-1α). Interactions between EF-1α and various aaRSs have been described in eukaryotes, but the role of these complexes remains unclear. To investigate possible interactions between EF-1α and other cellular components, a yeast two-hybrid screen was performed for the archaeon Methanothermobacter thermautotrophicus. EF-1α was found to form a stable complex with leucyl-tRNA synthetase (LeuRS; KD = 0.7 μ M). Complex formation had little effect on EF-1α activity, but increased the kcat for Leu-tRNALeu synthesis ∼ 8-fold. In addition, EF-1α co-purified with the archaeal multi-synthetase complex (MSC) comprised of LeuRS, LysRS and ProRS, suggesting the existence of a larger aaRS:EF-1α complex in archaea. These interactions between EF-1α and the archaeal MSC contribute to translational fidelity both by enhancing the aminoacylation efficiencies of the three aaRSs in the complex and by coupling two stages of translation: aminoacylation of cognate tRNAs and their subsequent channeling to the ribosome.
Hausmann, C.D., Prætorius-Ibba, M. and Ibba, M. (2007) An aminoacyl-tRNA synthetase: elongation factor complex for substrate channeling in archaeal translation. Nucleic Acids Res. 35, 6094-6102. https://doi.org/10.1093/nar/gkm534
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