In this study, effects of capsaicin, an active ingredient of the capsicum plant, were investigated on human 5-hydroxytryptamine type 3 (5-HT3) receptors. Capsaicin reversibly inhibited serotonin (5-HT)-induced currents recorded by two-electrode voltage clamp method in Xenopus oocytes. The inhibition was time- and concentration-dependent with an IC50 = 62 μM. The effect of capsaicin was not altered in the presence of capsazepine, and by intracellular BAPTA injections or trans-membrane potential changes. In radio-ligand binding studies, capsaicin did not change the specific binding of the 5-HT3 antagonist [3H]GR65630, indicating that it is a noncompetitive inhibitor of 5-HT3 receptor. In HEK-293 cells, capsaicin inhibited 5-HT3 receptor induced aequorin luminescence with an IC50 of 54 µM and inhibition was not reversed by increasing concentrations of 5-HT. In conclusion, the results indicate that capsaicin acts as a negative allosteric modulator of human 5-HT3 receptors.
Nebrisi EE, Prytkova T, Lorke DE, et al. Capsaicin Is a Negative Allosteric Modulator of the 5-HT3 Receptor. Front Pharmacol. 2020;11:1274. Published 2020 Aug 31. https://doi.org/10.3389/fphar.2020.01274
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