Lithosphere–Atmosphere–Ionosphere–Magnetosphere Coupling—A Concept for Pre‐Earthquake Signals Generation
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"The physics of earthquake genesis at the latest stage of a seismic cycle has always been the subject of scientific interest and discussion. In such discussion and in model development, however, only solid Earth processes have been contemplated. Development of satellite technologies brought new insight to the problem: new types of anomalies in the atmosphere and ionosphere were discovered that appear a few days/weeks before the main shock within the zone of earthquake preparation. These anomalies were thoroughly investigated, and results of the research have demonstrated a high statistical confidence warrants their identification as short-term earthquake precursors. In this chapter we seek to clarify how information and energy are transported from underground to the upper and lower layers of the atmosphere, including near-Earth space. Owing to the interdisciplinary character of the model, it is very difficult to create a common code for all its physical and spatial domains. That is why the material presented here should be considered conceptual rather than modeling output. As an example, if the boundary layer plasmachemistry instrumentation is applied, for ionospheric anomalies the electromagnetism approach is adopted. This conceptual approach, however, proved to be valid not only for earthquakes but also for other natural and technological disasters where air ionization occurs."
American Geophysical Union
Atmospheric Sciences | Biogeochemistry | Environmental Health and Protection | Environmental Indicators and Impact Assessment | Environmental Monitoring | Geophysics and Seismology | Meteorology | Other Earth Sciences | Other Oceanography and Atmospheric Sciences and Meteorology | Tectonics and Structure | Volcanology
Pulinets, S., Ouzounov, D., Karelin, A., and Davidenko, D. (2018), Lithosphere–atmosphere–ionosphere–magnetosphere coupling—a concept for pre‐earthquake signals generation, in Pre-Earthquake Processes: A Multidisciplinary Approach to Earthquake Prediction Studies, D. Ouzounov, S. Pulinets, K. Hattori, and P. Taylor (eds.), pp. 79-98.
American Geophysical Union
In Dimitar Ouzounov, Sergey Pulinets, Katsumi Hattori, and Patrick Taylor (Eds.), Pre-Earthquake Processes: A Multidisciplinary Approach to Earthquake Prediction Studies. Dr. Ouzounov's chapter begins on page 79.
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