Single, optically thin, component models as well as double, optically thick at low frequencies, component models have been examined in trying to explain the central source in the nucleus of Cygnus A. In the course of exploring those models, it is found that this compact radio source may be quite similar to other compact and variable sources in Seyfert galaxies and quasars. Double component models generally do better because they fit the X-rays, and there is a good chance that the X-rays arise in the central source; these models can naturally explain variability which may already have been detected in X-rays. The IR is most likely due to emission by cold dust in the nucleus of Cygnus A. Optical emission is, very likely, primarily thermal, except perhaps at UV wavelengths. A number of observations are suggested to check the predictions of this work.
Kafatos, M. (1978) The Central, Compact Source in the Cygnus A Galaxy, Astrophysical Journal, 225: 756-767. doi: 10.1086/156539