We describe a phase-amplification technique using a Sagnac interferometer. We monitor the relative phase between two paths of a precisely misaligned interferometer by measuring the average position of a split-Gaussian mode in the dark port. Although we monitor only the dark port, we show that the signal varies linearly with phase and that we can obtain similar sensitivity to balanced homodyne detection. We derive the source of the amplification using classical wave optics.
D. J. Starling, P. B. Dixon, NS Williams, A. N. Jordan, and J. C. Howell,Continuous Phase Amplification with a Sagnac Interferometer, Phys. Rev. A 82(1), 011802. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevA.82.011802
American Physical Society