Diurnal Characteristics of Geoelectric Fields and Their Changes Associated with the Alxa Zuoqi MS5.8 Earthquake on 15 April 2015 (Inner Mongolia)

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In China, efforts are being made to monitor geoelectric fields through a large network of stations deployed and managed by the China Earthquake Administration. The diurnal variations in the geoelectric field waveforms were similar in the quiet magnetic periods when K<5 (generally,K<3 indicates a quiet time). The arrival time points of the maxima in the geoelectric field waveforms exhibited differences in local time related to geographic longitude. The amplitude of diurnal variation was several to 16.6 mV/km and decreased with increasing latitude. Further, the amplitude of diurnal variation, which was related to seasonal changes, was larger in summer and autumn than in spring and winter. The periods of diurnal changes during quiet days were 24, 12, 8, 6, 4 hours and several minutes over large areas. Finally, the observed diurnal variations in geoelectric field prior to the Alxa ZuoqiMS5.8 earthquake on 15 April 2015 were studied, and pronounced changes in the spectral values of the geoelectric fields were found to be associated with the Alxa Zuoqi earthquake in Inner Mongolia.


This article was originally published in Earthquake Science, volume 31, in 2018. https://doi.org/10.29382/eqs-2018-0004-4

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The Seismological Society of China and Institute of Geophysics, China Earthquake Administration