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BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The endocannabinoid anandamide (N-arachidonoyl ethanolamide; AEA) exerts negative inotropic and antiarrhythmic effects in ventricular myocytes.

EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH: Whole-cell patch-clamp technique and radioligand-binding methods were used to analyse the effects of anandamide in rat ventricular myocytes.

KEY RESULTS: In the presence of 1-10 μM AEA, suppression of both Na(+) and L-type Ca(2+) channels was observed. Inhibition of Na(+) channels was voltage and Pertussis toxin (PTX) - independent. Radioligand-binding studies indicated that specific binding of [(3) H] batrachotoxin (BTX) to ventricular muscle membranes was also inhibited significantly by 10 μM metAEA, a non-metabolized AEA analogue, with a marked decrease in Bmax values but no change in Kd . Further studies on L-type Ca(2+) channels indicated that AEA potently inhibited these channels (IC50 0.1 μM) in a voltage- and PTX-independent manner. AEA inhibited maximal amplitudes without affecting the kinetics of Ba(2+) currents. MetAEA also inhibited Na(+) and L-type Ca(2+) currents. Radioligand studies indicated that specific binding of [(3) H]isradipine, was inhibited significantly by metAEA. (10 μM), changing Bmax but not Kd .

CONCLUSION AND IMPLICATIONS: Results indicate that AEA inhibited the function of voltage-dependent Na(+) and L-type Ca(2+) channels in rat ventricular myocytes, independent of CB1 and CB2 receptor activation.


This is the accepted version of the following article:

Al Kury, Lina T., et al. "Effects of the endogenous cannabinoid anandamide on voltage‐dependent sodium and calcium channels in rat ventricular myocytes." British journal of pharmacology 171.14 (2014): 3485-3498.

which has been published in final form at DOI: 10.1111/bph.12734.

Peer Reviewed






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