Document Type


Publication Date



Existing Java software or libraries can evolve via subclassing. Unfortunately, subclassing may not properly support code adaptation when there are dependencies between classes. More precisely, subclassing in collections of related classes may require reimplementation of otherwise valid classes. This problem is defined as the subclassing anomaly, which is an issue when software evolution or code reuse is a goal of the programmer who is using existing classes. Object Teams offers an implicit fix to this problem and is largely compatible with the existing JVM’s. In this paper, we evaluate how well Object Teams succeeds in providing a solution for a complex, real world project. Our results indicate that while Object Teams is a suitable solution for simple examples, it does not meet the requirements for large scale projects. The reasons why Object Teams fails in certain usages may prove useful to those who create linguistic modifications in languages or those who seek new methods for code adaptation.


This article was originally published in Journal on Information Theories and Applications, volume 13, in 2006.

Peer Reviewed



Institute of Information Theories and Applications FOI ITHEA



To view the content in your browser, please download Adobe Reader or, alternately,
you may Download the file to your hard drive.

NOTE: The latest versions of Adobe Reader do not support viewing PDF files within Firefox on Mac OS and if you are using a modern (Intel) Mac, there is no official plugin for viewing PDF files within the browser window.