Relationship of Optimism and Suicidal Ideation in Three Groups of Patients at Varying Levels of Suicide Risk
Optimism has been associated with reduced suicidal ideation, but there have been few studies in patients at high suicide risk. We analyzed data from three study populations (total N=319) with elevated risk of suicide: (1) patients with a recent acute cardiovascular event, (2) patients hospitalized for heart disease who had depression or an anxiety disorder, and (3) patients psychiatrically hospitalized for suicidal ideation or following a suicide attempt. For each study we analyzed the association between optimism (measured by the Life-Orientation Test-Revised) and suicidal ideation, and then completed an exploratory random effects meta-analysis of the findings to synthesize this data. The meta-analysis of the three studies showed that higher levels of self-reported optimism were associated with a lower likelihood of suicidal ideation (odds ratio [OR]=.89, 95% confidence interval [CI]=.85-.95, z=3.94, pz=3.57, pz=3.61, p
Huffman, J. C., Boehm, J. K., Beach, S. R., Beale, E. E., DuBois, C. M., & Healy, B. C. (2016). Relationship of optimism and suicidal ideation in three groups of patients at varying levels of suicide risk. Journal of Psychiatric Research, 77, 76–84. doi: 10.1016/j.jpsychires.2016.02.020
Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.
Cardiovascular Diseases Commons, Cognitive Psychology Commons, Health Psychology Commons, Other Psychiatry and Psychology Commons, Other Psychology Commons, Personality and Social Contexts Commons, Psychological Phenomena and Processes Commons
NOTICE: this is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Journal of Psychiatric Research. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was published in Journal of Psychiatric Research, volume 77, in 2016. DOI: 10.1016/j.jpsychires.2016.02.020
The Creative Commons license below applies only to this version of the article.