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"As an illustrative example of how I use a feminist-centered approach to teach core research methods concepts, below, I outline the aims and details of how to replicate one of my students’ favorite activities. This activity ties together concepts of operational definitions, observation, and inter-rater reliability through coding of “creepy” behaviors in a Saturday Night Live short video produced by The Lonely Island, featuring Nicki Minaj and John Waters (2011; see In the first part of the exercise, students are instructed to code observations of creepy behaviors without an operational definition. In the second part, students are provided information on gender-based harassment, stalking, and sexist humor and then re-do the exercise. Through this activity, students take an active role in judging behaviors (serving as an independent coder), comparing responses (inter-rater reliability and variability), and developing operational definitions. This exercise provides space for reflection to critically examine assumptions regarding gender, harassment, and sexism—with the goal of facilitating a shift in conceptual framework to cultivate a critical feminist empirical lens."


This is a pre-copy-editing, author-produced PDF of an article accepted for publication in Psychology of Women Quarterly in 2020 following peer review. The definitive publisher-authenticated version is available online at


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