Self-reported experiences of discrimination and sense of coherence (SOC) have been found to be associated with health. A face-to-face survey of Long Term Jewish Residents (LTJR), Arabs and former Soviet Union (fSU) immigrants in Israel was performed. Respondents reported their physical and mental health, self-reported experiences of discrimination, SOC and socioeconomic status. Multivariable logistic regressions and bootstrapping path analyses were performed. Discrimination was associated with health after adjusting for all other variables. SOC was also associated with health. SOC did not mediate the strong association between discrimination and health among Israeli LTJR, but was a significant mediator among Arabs and fSU immigrants. Discrimination seems to have a direct effect on health only among the majority and not among minority populations. High levels of SOC may reduce the negative effects of discrimination on health by serving as a coping resource, however only among minorities.
O. Baron-Epel, V. Berardi, J. Bellettiere, W. Shalata. (2016). The relation between discrimination, sense of coherence and health varies according to ethnicity; a study among three distinct population groups living in Israel. Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health, 19(6), 1386-1396. doi:10.1007/s10903-016-0449-4
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