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The article is divided into five sections. Section II reviews competing theories on the welfare state and income distribution by exploring the dynamics between income distribution and welfare transfers and incorporating the effects of demographic changes. Section III presents the article's theoretical argument. Section IV defines and describes the applied variables and the expected relations. Discussion and analysis of the results follow in Section VI. Finally, Section V suggests issues for future research.


This article was originally published in Economic Development and Cultural Change, volume 51, issue 1, in 2002. DOI: 10.1086/344512

Peer Reviewed



University of Chicago Press



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