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The mechanisms of hepatic ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury, which occurs during liver transplantation or surgery, are poorly understood. The purpose of the current study was to generate and characterize a HepG2 cell line with a stable overexpression of CYP2E1 to investigate the role of the enzyme in hypoxia/reperfusion (H/R) injury in an ex vivo setting. GFP-tagged CYP2E1 and control clones were developed, and their gene expression and protein levels of GFP and CYP2E1 were determined using RT-PCR and ELISA/Western blot analysis, respectively. Additionally, the CYP2E1 catalytic activity was determined by UPLC-MS/MS analysis of 6-hydroxychlorzoxazone formed from the chlorzoxazone substrate. The CYP2E1 and control clones were subjected to hypoxia (10 h) and reoxygenation (0.5 h), and cell death and reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation were quantitated using LDH and flow cytometry, respectively. Compared with the control clone, the selected CYP2E1 clone showed a 720-fold increase in CYP2E1 expression and a prominent band in the western blot analysis, which was associated with a 150-fold increase in CYP2E1 catalytic activity. The CYP2E1 clone produced 2.3-fold more ROS and 1.9-fold more cell death in the H/R model. It is concluded that the constitutive CYP2E1 in the liver may play a detrimental role in hepatic I/R injury.


This article was originally published in International Journal of Molecular Sciences, volume 24, issue 9, in 2023.


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