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Human airway smooth muscle (HASM) is the primary target of ßAR agonists used to control airway hypercontractility in asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). ßAR agonists induce the production of cAMP by adenylyl cyclases (ACs), activate PKA and cause bronchodilation. Several other G-protein coupled receptors (GPCR) expressed in human airway smooth muscle cells transduce extracellular signals through cAMP but these receptors elicit different cellular responses. Some G-protein coupled receptors couple to distinct adenylyl cyclases isoforms with different localization, partly explaining this compartmentation, but little is known about the downstream networks that result. We used quantitative phosphoproteomics to define the downstream signaling networks emanating from cAMP produced by two adenylyl cyclases isoforms with contrasting localization in uman airway smooth muscle. After a short stimulus of adenylyl cyclases activity using forskolin, phosphopeptides were analyzed by LC-MS/MS and differences between cells overexpressing AC2 (localized in non-raft membranes) or AC6 (localized in lipid raft membranes) were compared to control human airway smooth muscle. The degree of AC2 and AC6 overexpression was titrated to generate roughly equal forskolin-stimulated cAMP production. 14 Differentially phosphorylated proteins (DPPs) resulted from AC2 activity and 34 differentially phosphorylated proteins resulted from AC6 activity. Analysis of these hits with the STRING protein interaction tool showed that AC2 signaling is more associated with modifications in RNA/DNA binding proteins and microtubule/spindle body proteins while AC6 signaling is associated with proteins regulating autophagy, calcium-calmodulin (Ca2+/CaM) signaling, Rho GTPases and cytoskeletal regulation. One protein, OFD1, was regulated in opposite directions, with serine 899 phosphorylation increased in the AC6 condition 1.5-fold but decreased to 0.46-fold by AC2. In conclusion, quantitative phosphoproteomics is a powerful tool for deciphering the complex signaling networks resulting from discreet signaling events that occur in cAMP compartments. Our data show key differences in the cAMP pools generated from AC2 and AC6 activity and imply that distinct cellular responses are regulated by these two compartments.


This article was originally published in Frontiers in Physiology, volume 14, in 2023.


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