Small-conductance Ca2+-activated potassium channels subtype 2 (KCa2.2, also called SK2) are operated exclusively by a Ca2+-calmodulin gating mechanism. Heterozygous genetic mutations of KCa2.2 channels have been associated with autosomal dominant neurodevelopmental disorders including cerebellar ataxia and tremor in humans and rodents. Taking advantage of these pathogenic mutations, we performed structure-function studies of the rat KCa2.2 channel. No measurable current was detected from HEK293 cells heterologously expressing these pathogenic KCa2.2 mutants. When co-expressed with the KCa2.2_WT channel, mutations of the pore-lining amino acid residues (I360M, Y362C, G363S and I389V) and two proline substitutions (L174P and L433P) dominant negatively suppressed and completely abolished the activity of the co-expressed KCa2.2_WT channel. Co-expression of the KCa2.2_I289N and the KCa2.2_WT channels reduced the apparent Ca2+ sensitivity compared with the KCa2.2_WT channel, which was rescued by a KCa2.2 positive modulator.
Nam Y-W, Rahman MA, Yang G, Orfali R, Cui M, Zhang M. Loss-of-function KCa2.2 mutations abolish channel activity. Am J Physiol Cell Physiol. 2023;324(3):C658-C664. https://doi.org/10.1152/ajpcell.00584.2022
American Journal of Physiology-Cell Physiology
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