Chronic intraperitoneal injection of thioacetamide (TAA) in rats has been used as an animal model of human cirrhosis to study the effects of the disease on drug metabolism. However, TAA inhibits P450 enzymes directly and independently of cirrhosis. We investigated the effects of chronic cirrhosis in rats, induced by 10 weeks of intraperitoneal TAA, on the P450 enzymes after a 10-day washout period to eliminate TAA. Liver histology and serum biomarkers of hepatic function confirmed cirrhosis in all animals. Microsomal total P450 content, P450 reductase activity and ethoxycoumarin O-deethylase activity, a general marker of P450 activity, were significantly reduced by 30%–50% in cirrhotic animals. Additionally, the protein content and Michaelis–Menten kinetics of the activities of CYP2D, CYP2E1 and CYP3A were investigated. Whereas cirrhosis reduced the microsomal protein contents of CYP2D and CYP3A by 70% and 30%, respectively, the protein contents of CYP2E1 were not affected. However, the activities of all the tested isoenzymes were substantially lower in the cirrhotic livers. It is concluded that the TAA model of cirrhosis that incorporates a 10-day washout period after intraperitoneal injection of the chemical to rats produces isoenzyme-selective reductions in the P450 proteins or activities, which are independent of the direct inhibitory effects of TAA.
Chandrashekar, DV, DuBois, BN, Rashid, M, Mehvar, R. Effects of chronic cirrhosis induced by intraperitoneal thioacetamide injection on the protein content and Michaelis–Menten kinetics of cytochrome P450 enzymes in the rat liver microsomes. Basic Clin Pharmacol Toxicol. 2022; 1- 14. https://doi.org/10.1111/bcpt.13813
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