Document Type


Publication Date



Combinatorial silencing of more than one protein via small interfering RNA (siRNA) is a new strategy that can enhance the effect of RNA interference on cell function. To explore this strategy, we selected JAK/STAT axis as a major signaling pathway that contributes to several mechanisms involved in cancer cell proliferation and survival. We focused on four proteins involved in this pathway to explore the possibility of identifying a combinatorial targeting strategy (as the proof of concept) with enhanced efficiency: gp 130 (a co-receptor for IL6 cytokines), JAK2, STAT3, and importin α3 (the nuclear transporter reportedly involved in translocation of activated STAT3 to nucleus). Selected proteins were targeted by siRNA in two selected Triple Negative Breast Cancer cell lines (MDA-MB-231 and MDA-MB-468). The effect of individual and selected combinations of siRNAs on selected downstream antiapoptotic proteins, pro-apoptosis proteins, and cell-cycle regulating proteins was explored. Combinatorial silencing of JAK2/gp 130 enhanced the effect of RNA interference on downstream proteins significantly, and demonstrated enhanced effect in reducing cell viability, cell migration, and the level of activation of STAT3. In conclusion, the promising results of simultaneous targeting of JAK2 and gp 130 might be an example for potential combinatorial silencing strategies in cancer treatment.


This article was originally published in European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences, volume 175, in 2022.

1-s2.0-S092809872200118X-mmc1.pdf (146 kB)
Supplementary materials


The authors

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.



To view the content in your browser, please download Adobe Reader or, alternately,
you may Download the file to your hard drive.

NOTE: The latest versions of Adobe Reader do not support viewing PDF files within Firefox on Mac OS and if you are using a modern (Intel) Mac, there is no official plugin for viewing PDF files within the browser window.