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Ethoxyresorufin (ER)-O-deethylation (EROD) activity has been widely used to assess cytochrome P450 1A (CYP1A) activity. The kinetics of CYP1A activity have been well characterized in the liver microsomes. However, studies in kidney microsomes are limited due to the much lower EROD activity in this organ. Here, we developed and validated a sensitive UPLC-MS/MS assay for the characterization of the EROD activity in the rat kidney microsomes. In a 50 µL reaction mixture, rat kidney microsomes (0.25 mg/mL) were incubated with ER (0.1–5 µM) and NADPH (1 mM) for 10 min. Acidic solvents, such as trichloroacetic acid or formic acid, used for quenching of the metabolic reactions and precipitation of the proteins, unexpectedly caused a spontaneous formation of resorufin (RES) from ER. Therefore, the metabolic reactions were terminated by adding acetonitrile, containing a deuterated internal standard (IS). Chromatographic separation was achieved on a C18 UPLC column, and the MS/MS ion transitions were 213.9/185.9 for RES and 220.0/192.0 for IS. The assay was validated in the linear range of 0.5 nM to 75 nM of RES and had a lower limit of quantitation of 0.5 nM. The overall recoveries of RES (90%–99%) and IS (85%–103%) were relatively high, with minimal matrix effect. The assay was successfully applied to the estimation of the Michaelis-Menten (MM) kinetics of EROD activity in the rat kidney microsomes (n = 3), which showed a maximum velocity of 2.68 ± 0.17 pmol/min/mg and a MM constant of 1.72 ± 0.24 µM (mean ± SD). It is concluded that our sensitive and specific analytical method, coupled with the optimized microsomal incubation conditions, provides a robust platform for further investigations of the effects of xenobiotics, environmental factors, or pathophysiologic conditions on the kinetics of EROD activity in the kidney microsomes.


NOTICE: this is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Journal of Chromatography B. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Journal of Chromatography B, volume 1153, in 2020.

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