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In a previous study, we showed that the inositol pyrophosphate diphosphoinositol pentakisphosphate (IP(7)) physiologically phosphorylates mammalian and yeast proteins. We now report that this phosphate transfer reflects pyrophosphorylation. Thus, proteins must be prephosphorylated by ATIP to prime them for IP(7) phosphorylation. IP(7) phosphorylates synthetic phosphopeptides but not if their phosphates have been masked by methylation or pyrophosphorylation. Moreover, IP(7) phosphorylated peptides are more acid-labile and more resistant to phosphatases than ATIP phosphorylated peptides, indicating a different type of phosphate bond. Pyrophosphorylation may represent a novel mode of signaling to proteins.


This article was originally published in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, volume 104, issue 39, in 2007. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.0707338104


National Academy of Sciences



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