Triple-negative breast cancer is an aggressive form of breast cancer with few therapeutic options if it recurs after adjuvant chemotherapy. RNA interference could be an alternative therapy for metastatic breast cancer, where small interfering RNA (siRNA) can silence the expression of aberrant genes critical for growth and migration of malignant cells. Here, we formulated a siRNA delivery system using lipid-substituted polyethylenimine (PEI) and hyaluronic acid (HA), and characterized the size, ζ-potential and cellular uptake of the nanoparticulate delivery system. Higher cellular uptake of siRNA by the tailored PEI/HA formulation suggested better interaction of complexes with breast cancer cells due to improved physicochemical characteristics of carrier and HA-binding CD44 receptors. The siRNAs against specific phosphatases that inhibited migration of MDA-MB-231 cells were then identified using library screen against 267 protein-tyrosine phosphatases and siRNAs to inhibit cell migration were further validated. We then assessed the combinational delivery of a siRNA against CDC20 to decrease cell growth and a siRNA against several phosphatases shown to decrease migration of breast cancer cells. Combinational siRNA therapy against CDC20 and identified phosphatases PPP1R7, PTPN1, PTPN22, LHPP, PPP1R12A and DUPD1 successfully inhibited cell growth and migration, respectively, without interfering with the functional effect of the co-delivered siRNA. The identified phosphatases could serve as potential targets to inhibit migration of highly aggressive metastatic breast cancer cells. Combinational siRNA delivery against cell cycle and phosphatases could be a promising strategy to inhibit both growth and migration of metastatic breast cancer cells, and potentially other types of metastatic cancer.
Parmar MB, Sundaram DNM, Bahadur CR, et al. Combinational siRNA delivery using hyaluronic acid modified amphiphilic polyplexes against cell cycle and phosphatase proteins to inhibit growth and migration of triple-negative breast cancer cells. Acta Biomaterialia. 2017. doi:10.1016/j.actbio.2017.11.036
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Available for download on Tuesday, November 26, 2019