Zoledronic Acid Markedly Improves Bone Mineral Density for Patients with Monoclonal Gammopathy of Undetermined Significance and Bone Loss
Purpose: Patients with monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance (MGUS) have increased rates of bone resorption, osteopenia, osteoporosis, and risk of fractures. This study was undertaken to determine the efficacy and safety of zoledronic acid for patients with MGUS and enhanced bone loss.
Experimental Design: In this phase II open-label study, 54 patients with MGUS and osteopenia or osteoporosis were administered zoledronic acid 4 mg i.v. at 0, 6, and 12 months. The primary efficacy end point was bone mineral density, assessed using a dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry scan in the lumbar (L)-spine done at screening and at 13 months (1 month after the final zoledronic acid infusion).
Results: At study end for all patients (N = 54), L-spine T-scores improved by a median of +0.27 (range, −0.38 to +3.91), corresponding to a median increase in bone mineral density of +15.0% (range, −18.0% to +1,140.0%; P < 0.0001). Hip T-scores improved by a median of +0.10 (range, −2.40 to +2.03), corresponding to a median increase of +6.0% (range, −350.0% to +165.0%). During the study, no new fractures, osteonecrosis of the jaw, or significant renal adverse events were reported.
Conclusions: Zoledronic acid administered i.v. at a dosage of 4 mg every 6 months for three doses total was well-tolerated and substantially improved bone mineral density for patients with MGUS and bone loss. Zoledronic acid may be effective for the prevention of new fractures in this high-risk population.
Berenson JR, Yellin O, Boccia RV, Flam M, Wong S-F, Batuman O, Moezi MM, Woytowitz D, Duvivier H, Nassir Y and Swift RA, “Zoledronic Acid Markedly Improves Bone Mineral Density for Patients with Monoclonal Gammopathy of Undetermined Significance and Bone Loss,” Clinical Cancer Research 2008 Oct 1;14(19):6289-95.
American Association for Cancer Research