Impaired Ca2+ Store Functions in Skeletal and Cardiac Muscle Cells from Sarcalumenin-Deficient Mice

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Sarcalumenin (SAR), specifically expressed in striated muscle cells, is a Ca2+-binding protein localized in the sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) of the intracellular Ca2+ store. By generating SAR-deficient mice, we herein examined its physiological role. The mutant mice were apparently normal in growth, health, and reproduction, indicating that SAR is not essential for fundamental muscle functions. SAR-deficient skeletal muscle carrying irregular SR ultrastructures retained normal force generation but showed slow relaxation phases after contractions. A weakened Ca2+ uptake activity was detected in the SR prepared from mutant muscle, indicating that SAR contributes to Ca2+ buffering in the SR lumen and also to the maintenance of Ca2+ pump proteins. Cardiac myocytes from SAR-deficient mice showed slow contraction and relaxation accompanied by impaired Ca2+ transients, and the mutant mice exhibited a number of impairments in cardiac performance as determined in electrocardiography, ventricular catheterization, and echocardiography. The results obtained demonstrate that SAR plays important roles in improving the Ca2+ handling functions of the SR in striated muscle.


This article was originally published in Journal of Biological Chemistry, volume 280, issue 5, in 2005. DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M406618200


American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology