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Graft versus host disease (GVHD) remains a major and serious complication of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. Based on the time of onset, clinical phenotypes, progression kinetics, and pathophysiology, GVHD is stratified into acute, chronic, and overlapping types. The eyes are among the most commonly affected organs in GVHD. Mouse models have played an important role in understanding the several key elements of GVHD pathobiology. The current review discusses the immunology, pathology, and key phenotypic features of mouse models of systemic GVHD. Furthermore, a critical appraisal of mouse models of ocular GVHD (oGVHD) is provided. The disease mechanisms underlying the ocular surface, meibomian gland, and lacrimal gland injury in these models are reviewed, and the relevance of oGVHD murine models to clinical oGVHD is also included.


NOTICE: this is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in The Ocular Surface. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in The Ocular Surface, volume 30, in 2023.

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Available for download on Sunday, September 22, 2024