Introduction to Race and Space: Contesting Boundaries and Inequities
Lisa A. Leitz
The 2020 Black Lives Matter (BLM) protests highlighted with sharp clarity the role of race in social conflict and social movements. Building on more than a century of political and sociological scholarship, Race and Space considers the connections between race as a descriptor of physical differences between humans and space as a geographic location, and their subsequent impact on the human experience.
The chapters address racialized issues spanning from how the characteristics of our community shape whether we experience police or immigrant violence, whether first-hand experience (or lack thereof) of this violence is likely to shape one’s choice to engage in ethno-racial justice activism, to analysing how the space of the prison shapes one’s sense of self and political possibility post-incarceration. Drawing together key drivers of activism such as flaws within the criminal justice system, race, ethnicity, and citizenship, this collection demonstrates how these elements interact to shape immigration policy and the experience of being accepted as a full member of one’s society.
Emphasising location-specific human experience and incorporating insights from geography, Race and Space’s careful study of the differences of physical spaces gives rise to more complete explanations for social issues and variances in social movements.
Introduction: Thinking About Divides
Eitan Y. Alimi and Lisa A. Leitz
"This collective endeavor is inspired by Gregory M. Maney’s scholarship in the fields of social movements, peace/conflicts, and community-engaged scholarship, wherein divides and attempts to challenge divides at different levels of authorities and across the globe were a primary focus. Inspired by Maney’s work, we present chapters that advance knowledge about how ordinary people mobilize to challenge institutional norms, practices, and policies that legitimize and preserve divides, as well as how state actors, other powerholders, publics, and opponents react to these challenges. The forthcoming chapters present geographically diverse examples of divides, which move beyond examining the divide between activists and their targets, to also exploring divides between activists due to organizational, generational, and tactical differences. Equally important and in clear connection to the theme of this volume, our contributors point to ways to bring down divides."
Gendered Companies, Gendered Security
Joseph R. Bongiovi
"[T]his chapter uses original qualitative research, including interviews with industry actors and observations of industry meetings and events, to examine how the industry currently handles gender. Given the large number of US PMSC firms, US citizens working in this field, and US contracts, this chapter focuses on the US organizations while still incorporating the influences of the global nature of the field."
Gendered Activism and Outcomes: Women in the Peace Movement
Lisa A. Leitz and David S. Meyer
"In this chapter, we look at the history of women's activism in the peace movement over the course of U.S. political development, examining the ways that women expanded the goals of peace activism to include gender and other social justice issues. We then examine which women actually participated in these efforts, and how that has changed over time. In the following sections, we explore distinct tensions in women's activism focusing on the role of gender (essentialism versus social constructionism) and radicalism versus pragmatic realpolitik. We conclude by looking at the outcomes of such mobilizations, which have been very limited in terms of policy, but much more extensive in terms of changing people's lives and feeding other kinds of activism, including women's rights."
From Infanticide to Activism: The Transformation of Emotions and Identity in Self-Help Movements
Verta Taylor and Lisa A. Leitz
Taylor and Leitz trace processes of collective identity construction and politicization among women suffering from postpartum psychiatric illness who have been convicted of infanticide. Joining a growing body of research suggesting that self‐help and consumer health movements can be a significant force for change in both the cultural and political arenas, Taylor and Lietz examine one such movement, a pen‐pal network of women incarcerated for committing infanticide. Taylor and Leitz show how a sense of collective identity fostered by the pen‐pal network triggered a profound emotional transformation in participants, allowing them to convert shame and loneliness into pride and solidarity, and encouraging their participation in efforts to change how the medical and legal system treat postpartum psychiatric illness.
Below you may find selected books and book chapters from Peace Studies faculty in the Wilkinson College of Arts, Humanities, and Social Sciences.
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