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Many writings in ecopsychology make reference to “the environmental crisis” as an apocalyptic scenario, but few define the cause of this crisis. This essay proposes that the cause for apocalyptic rhetoric of environmental crisis is as much psychological as environmental. It draws on Winnicott’s idea of playing as haunted by the otherness of reality to offer a therapeutic reading of the poetry of Muriel Rukeyser and Brenda Hillman in which the imaginative resources of trope, apostrophe, dedication and allusion serve to make bearable the anxiety that leads to apocalyptic rhetoric in ecopsychological writings.


This article was originally published in European Journal of Ecopsychology, volume 5, in 2014.

The article will be licensed under the Creative Commons license noted below one year after publication.

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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 3.0 License.



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