Although the first lasers invented operated in the visible, the first on-chip devices were optimized for near-infrared (IR) performance driven by demand in telecommunications. However, as the applications of integrated photonics has broadened, the wavelength demand has as well, and we are now returning to the visible (Vis) and pushing into the ultraviolet (UV). This shift has required innovations in device design and in materials as well as leveraging nonlinear behavior to reach these wavelengths. This review discusses the key nonlinear phenomena that can be used as well as presents several emerging material systems and devices that have reached the UV–Vis wavelength range.
J. He, H. Chen, J. Hu, J. Zhou, Y. Zhang, A. Kovach, C. Sideris, M. C. Harrison, Y. Zhao, and A. M. Armani, "Nonlinear nanophotonic devices in the ultraviolet to visible wavelength range," Nanophotonics, vol. 9, no. 12, pp. 3781-3804. 2020. https://doi.org/10.1515/nanoph-2020-0231
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