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Colorectal cancer is a life-threatening disease. It is the second leading cause of cancer-related deaths in the United States. Stapled anastomosis is a rapid treatment for colorectal cancer and other intestinal diseases and has become an integral part of routine surgical practice. However, to the best of our knowledge, there is no existing work simulating intestinal anastomosis that often involves sophisticated soft tissue manipulations such as cutting and stitching. In this paper, for the first time, we propose a novel split and join approach to simulate a side-to-side stapled intestinal anastomosis in virtual reality. We mimic the intestine model using a new hybrid representation—a grid-linked particles model for physics simulation and a surface mesh for rendering. The proposed split and join operations handle the updates of both the grid-linked particles model and the surface mesh during the anastomosis procedure. The simulation results demonstrate the feasibility of the proposed approach in simulating intestine models and the side-to-side anastomosis operation.


This article was originally published in Computer Animation & Virtual Worlds, volume 34, issue 6, in 2023.


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Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.