Date of Award

Summer 8-2021

Document Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)



First Advisor

Dr. Meghan E. Cosier

Second Advisor

Dr. Ryan M. Allen

Third Advisor

Dr. Jillian Wood


Conventional language learning theory, which holds that learning outcomes are solely associated with learners’ competencies, has begun to be disputed in the dynamic learning environment. This study used English learners’ academic characteristics from the 2014 cohort in a private university in Shanghai, China, to explore the relationship between language learners’ academic characteristics and their learning outcomes in a national standardized English examination. Via the collection of extant data, 3,580 cases were included for logistic and multiple regression analysis. Results showed factors associated with English learning are the NCEE English score, the number of tests taken by students, provincial origin, gender, and major. These indicators all affected the odds of students’ passing the CET-4, as well as the highest scores they could receive. However, studies lent some support to indirect effect between English academic performance and some demographic factors. These findings suggest future Chinese researchers could focus on multidimensional measures to better describe the characteristics of students from the private sector, research designs that reveal more complex contexts and potential comparative studies, and further integration of interdisciplinary research.

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.

Available for download on Thursday, August 10, 2023