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The current case study examines the process and components of a multi-site school-wide restorative justice (SWRJ) implementation program. Using Participatory Action Research (PAR) methodology and the Outcome Logic Model (OLM), the authors describe results from a collaborative program evaluation conducted by university researchers and external specialists implementing SWRJ in five middle schools. OLM results include operational definitions and analyses of the program’s implementation resources, activities, outputs, and outcomes, as well as findings surrounding gaps in practice and outcome monitoring. Key learnings from this case study included the importance of administrator buy-in, focused implementation teams, strong professional development systems, and the utility of systematic program mapping frameworks like OLMs. Identified challenges included leadership turnover in schools, overreliance on individual RJ specialists for implementation, and an imbalance of activities across the tiers. Implications and recommendations for organizational consultants, educational leaders, and school-based restorative justice scholars are discussed.


This is an Accepted Manuscript version of the following article, accepted for publication in Journal of Educational and Psychological Consultation in 2023. The version of record is available at It is deposited under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial License (, which permits non-commercial re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Taylor & Francis

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Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial 4.0 License

Available for download on Friday, September 20, 2024