Document Type

Response or Comment

Publication Date



"What does it mean anymore to be an informed citizen? To know the difference between fact and fiction? To know truth—something proven by facts or sincerity, accuracy, correctness, reality, integrity, and honesty. We currently find ourselves in a swamp of falsehoods, where Trump’s 8000 plus (as of February 2019) lies go unchallenged by his supporters and the ledgers of his adversaries fill volumes of fabricated truth, where blurring of fact and truth is so intense that media, universities, and science are no longer trusted sources of information, where purposeful misleading and lying becomes fashionable and ‘normalized.’ Truth has become an endangered species in America (Kakutani 2018)."


This is a pre-copy-editing, author-produced PDF of commentary accepted for publication in Postdigital Science Education in 2019. The final publication may differ and is available at Springer via DOI: 10.1007/s42438-019-00047-w.





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