Student Scholar Symposium Abstracts and Posters

Document Type


Publication Date

Fall 12-1-2021

Faculty Advisor(s)

Dr. Jason Douglas


Many local, state, and federal government entities have imposed COVID-19 safety guidelines to lessen the burden of the pandemic, yet safety guideline compliance remains understudied. This study examined COVID-19 safety compliance by gender identity. The Chapman University National COVID-19 and Mental Health Study surveyed US adults on their compliance to COVID-19 safety guidelines and gender identity. Pairwise analyses were used to examine gender identity differences concerning indoor dining frequency, social distancing with people outside of their homes, attending gatherings with masks, attending gatherings without masks, and wearing masks when interacting with people outside the household. Results indicated that women tended to wear masks (p < 0.05) and follow prevention protocols (e.g., hand washing, social distancing, avoiding large gatherings, minimizing close social contact) more than men (p < 0.05). However, women attended social events (e.g., gatherings, dining, interacting with people outside of their household) more frequently than men did (p < 0.05). Thus, people who identified as women tended to adhere to COVID-19 guidelines more than those identified as men unless there was a social aspect associated with the situation. The difference in these behavioral practices reveals that adherence to COVID-19 guidelines has social isolation implications for men and that gender plays a role in determining an individual’s health behaviors.


Presented at the virtual Fall 2021 Student Scholar Symposium at Chapman University. This scholarship is part of the Chapman University COVID-19 Archives.

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