Title

RGS-PX1, Gap for Gas and a Sorting Nexin in Vesicular Trafficking

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

2001

Abstract

Heterotrimeric GTP–binding proteins (G proteins) control cellular functions by transducing signals from the outside to the inside of cells. Regulator of G protein signaling (RGS) proteins are key modulators of the amplitude and duration of G protein–mediated signaling through their ability to serve as guanosine triphosphatase–activating proteins (GAPs). We have identified RGS-PX1, a Gαs-specific GAP. The RGS domain of RGS-PX1 specifically interacted with Gαs, accelerated its GTP hydrolysis, and attenuated Gαs-mediated signaling. RGS-PX1 also contains a Phox (PX) domain that resembles those in sorting nexin (SNX) proteins. Expression of RGS-PX1 delayed lysosomal degradation of the EGF receptor. Because of its bifunctional role as both a GAP and a SNX, RGS-PX1 may link heterotrimeric G protein signaling and vesicular trafficking.

Comments

This article was originally published in Science, volume 294, in 2001. DOI: 10.1126/science.1064757

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Copyright

The authors