In quantum mechanics, standard or strong measurement approaches generally result in the collapse of an ensemble of wavefunctions into a stochastic mixture of eigenstates. On the other hand, continuous or weak measurements have the propensity to dynamically control the evolution of quantum states over time, guiding the trajectory of the state into non-trivial superpositions and maintaining state purity. This kind of measurement-induced state steering is of great theoretical and experimental interest for the harnessing of quantum bits or "qubits", which are the fundamental unit of the emerging quantum computer. We explore continuous measurement-based quantum state stabilization through linear feedback control for a single quantum bit. By applying a time-varying Rabi drive that includes a linear feedback term, we show that the fixed points of the continuous measurement may be relocated. Analytical derivations of Itô Stochastic Master Equations being ideal models, we employ them to derive the projected ensemble average while utilizing numerical simulations to characterize the stability of the set of possible fixed points, as well as their modified collapse time-scales. We include the effects of realistic experimental non-idealities, such as environmental energy relaxation, dephasing, time-delay, and inefficient measurement. Ultimately, we discuss potential experimental implementations from collaborating universities.
Patti, Taylor Lee; Chantasri, A.; Dressel, Justin; and Jordan, A. N., "Linear Feedback Stabilization for a Continuously Monitored Qubit" (2016). Student Research Day Abstracts and Posters. 211.