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Abstract

In 1941, Jackie Cochran submitted a proposal to General Hap Arnold of the United States Army Air Forces (USAAF) for the use of female pilots in non-combat missions. A series of discussions and careful planning procedures took place and by July 1943, the Women Airforce Service Pilots (WASPs) were formed. The WASPs were a civilian organization during World War II that was managed by the Army Air Forces and trained to perform a variety of duties such as ferrying, towing targets, and reconnaissance practice. They were an experimental organization of female pilots that were entering the male dominated sphere of aviation.

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