Document Type


Publication Date



During the first year after a president has left office, the tone and topic of news media coverage can influence a legacy greatly. This study examines coverage of Bill Clinton during his first year out of office in the New York Times and on network news shows and compares this coverage to that of Ronald Reagan and George Bush during their first years out of office. We find that Clinton received substantially more news coverage during the first year out of office than did either Reagan or Bush, and that Clinton's coverage in the media was also more critical and negative than the coverage received by either of his predecessors.


This is the accepted version of the following article:

Han, Lori Cox and Matthew J. Krov. 2003. “Out of Office and In the News: Early Projections of the Clinton Legacy.” Presidential Studies Quarterly, 33(4): 925-933.

which has been published in final form at DOI: 10.1046/j.0360-4918.2003.00092.x.

Peer Reviewed






To view the content in your browser, please download Adobe Reader or, alternately,
you may Download the file to your hard drive.

NOTE: The latest versions of Adobe Reader do not support viewing PDF files within Firefox on Mac OS and if you are using a modern (Intel) Mac, there is no official plugin for viewing PDF files within the browser window.