Date of Award

Spring 5-2023

Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Arts (MA)


International Studies

First Advisor

Andrew Manson

Second Advisor

Victoria Carty

Third Advisor

Joseph Pazmany


Modern-day slavery is an international crime against humanity which affects millions of lives each year. Human trafficking, a form of Modern Slavery, has negative long-lasting implications on trafficked victims and society, particularly vulnerable members such as indigenous women and children. This study examines human trafficking and forced labor in Mexico with a focus on indigenous women and children. It uses a mixed methodology composed of both qualitative and quantitative data. Qualitative data is used to analyze historical materials related to Spanish colonialism in Mexico, while quantitative data is used to measure poverty, numbers of trafficked victims, and to establish the overall scope of the problem. This research also examines the role of organized crime groups in human trafficking throughout Mexico. It dissects the involvement of corrupt government officials in organized crime and human trafficking and explains the intersectionality of criminal groups and corrupted authorities and government officials.

Keywords: Modern slavery, Human trafficking, Sex trafficking, Child sex trafficking, Forced labor, Child labor, Indigenous groups, Mexico, Rebel groups, Organized crime, Cartel.

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.

Available for download on Wednesday, May 31, 2023