Date of Award
Master of Arts (MA)
Lynn Horton, Ph.D.
Andrea Molle, Ph.D.
Hilmi Ulas, Ph.D.
To expand our theoretical and empirical understanding of mobilization and repression in Latin America, this thesis asks three critical questions. Are economic indicators sufficient predictors of social movement emergence in Latin America? What other factors contribute to large-scale mobilization in Latin America? How do government’s respond to large-scale Latin American social movements? Specifically, when, and why do democratic governments choose to employ repression against social movements? Accordingly, I construct a quantitative model to test the correlation between rise in protest and worsened economic conditions. I apply it to a comprehensive dataset of political events in multiple South American countries throughout the first quarter of 2018 and the last quarter of 2021. Then, I turn my attention to Chile specifically, to illustrate how economic indicators alone cannot produce a fully predictive model. I contextualize the most recent “Chile Despertó” movement and situate it within the longer historical process of democratization and social movements in Chile. I argue that Federico M. Rossi’s concepts of “repertoire of strategies” and “stock of legacies” fills the gaps in the quantitative data by allowing researchers to analyze how public actions emerge because of both institutional constraints and identity-framing processes. Similarly, the state responds in ways that are consistent with their own institutional and constructed identity. Finally, there is strong evidence that the relationship between social movements and repression is in fact relational and interdependent.
Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.
Leon, Tanya Lizette. "Contextualizing the 2019 'Chile Despertó' Movement: The Impact of Historical Relational Processes on Mobilization and Repression." Master's thesis, Chapman University, 2022. https://doi.org/10.36837/chapman.000390
Behavioral Economics Commons, Community-Based Research Commons, Cultural History Commons, Inequality and Stratification Commons, International Relations Commons, Latin American History Commons, Latin American Studies Commons, Latina/o Studies Commons, Other Social and Behavioral Sciences Commons, Political Economy Commons, Political History Commons, Political Theory Commons, Politics and Social Change Commons, Quantitative, Qualitative, Comparative, and Historical Methodologies Commons, Social and Cultural Anthropology Commons, Social Control, Law, Crime, and Deviance Commons, Social History Commons, Social Justice Commons, Sociology of Culture Commons