"Marianne, Elizabeth, and Emma needed a meteor to burst through the mist of their own self-delusion. What is it about the Willoughbys, Wickhams, and Frank Churchills of the world that continues to attract us? We understand that Marianne is easily fooled, but what is it that deceives and attracts Elizabeth and Emma?"
Hall, Lynda A. “Austen’s Attractive Rogues: Willoughby, Wickham and Frank Churchill,” Persuasions: The Jane Austen Journal 18 (1996): 186-90.