After delivery, many women experience symptoms of postpartum depression (PPD), and early identification of women at risk is therefore important. The opioid peptide [beta]-endorphin has been implicated in non-puerperal depression but its role in the development of PPD is unknown.
Yim I, Glynn LM, Dunkel Schetter C, Hobel CJ, Chicz-DeMet A & Sandman CA (2010). Prenatal beta-endorphin as an early predictor of postpartum depression symptoms in euthymic women. Journal of Affective Disorders, 125, 395-403.
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