"The purpose of this chapter is to provide fertility counselors with the tools necessary to effectively assess and treat couples experiencing fertility problems so that these couples can improve their relationships, reduce psychological and infertility related distress, and regain control and direction in their lives. The chapter will outline the challenges unique to couples experiencing infertility, and will integrate several case vignettes which portray common profiles of couples who fertility counselors may encounter. Gender differences in how couples communicate and cope with infertility distress will be presented. The chapter will also examine the impact of infertility on a couple’s sexual relationship, strategies to help couples best share infertility related treatment information with others and the importance of working through grief and loss. The challenges unique to couples experiencing age-related fertility decline will also be presented, as will the usefulness of mindful meditation as a method for approaching fertility related thoughts and feelings."
Jason C. Richards, Naveen Jonathan, and Lana Kim
Comparison studies have long found that same-sex couples maintain more equal relationships than their heterosexual counterparts. In a previous study of committed same-sex couples, partners reported that their relationship processes emerged based on a desire for mutuality and attunement. Socio-Emotional Relationship Therapy (SERT) is a therapeutic practice model which posits that four conditions—shared relational responsibility, shared vulnerability, mutual influence, and mutual attunement—create a “Circle of Care” that counters harmful power differentials. Since gender differences generally do not influence power disparities in same-sex relationships, this chapter examines the dynamics of power and equality in committed same-sex relationships and considers how these may apply to clinical practice. We provide examples from qualitative research to illustrate how same-sex couple relationships enact the Circle of Care processes as partners create and maintain equality. We also identify unique socio-contextual issues affecting vulnerability among same-sex partners and use a case example to show how a SERT therapist helped a same-sex couple address power imbalances in the relationship.
Arthur L. Greil, Lone Schmidt, and Brennan Peterson
Psychological distress and infertility are linked in a complex pattern, such that distress may be a cause of infertility and reduce the probability of achieving a pregnancy at the same time that infertility may be a cause of psychological distress. Although infertile women are not more likely to be characterized by psychopathology, they are more likely to experience higher levels of distress than comparison groups. Infertile men also experience psychological distress, but women experience more infertility distress than men. Both infertility and its treatment are stressors putting a heavy psychological strain on couple relationships. Whereas there is general agreement about the need for psychological interventions to treat infertility distress, little is known about the efficacy and effectiveness of psychosocial intervention. Given the prevalence of infertility and the fact that the numbers of individuals and couples seeking infertility treatments are increasing, it is essential that mental health professionals understand the emotional challenges faced by this population.
Brennan Peterson, Joyce West, Terri L. Tanielian, Harold Alan Pincus, Jessica Kohout, Georgine M. Pion, Marlene M. Wicherski, Rita E. Vandivort-Warren, Margaret L. Palmiter, Elizabeth I. Irwin, Jeanne C. Fox, Tom W. Clawson, S. Christian Smith, Rex Stockton, Amy Gibson Nitza, John P. Ambrose, Laura Blankertz, Larry D. Sullivan, Kevin P. Dwyer, Michael S. Fleischer, Harold F. Goldsmith, Michael J. Witkin, Joanne E. Atay, and Ronald W. Manderscheid
Late in 1987, research staff from the American Psychiatric Association, the American Psychological Association, the National Association of Social Workers, and representatives of professional psychiatric nursing formed a work group on human resources data with staff from the National Institute of Mental Health (Dr. Manderscheid). This group had several major purposes, including identifying common, core data on human resources from each discipline, preparing a chapter for Mental Health 1990, identifying data gaps, coming up with plans to address those gaps, and improving survey compatibility between the involved disciplines.
Brennan Peterson, Joyce West, Harold Alan Pincus, Jessica Kohout, Georgine M. Pion, Marlene M. Wicherski, Rita E. Vandivort-Warren, Margaret L. Palmiter, Elizabeth I. Mirwin, Jeanne C. Fox, Tom W. Clawson, Kathryn K. Rhodes, Rex Stockton, John P. Ambrose, Laura Blankertz, Kevin P. Dwyer, Victoria Stanhope, Michael S. Fleischer, Harold F. Goldsmith, Michael J. Witkin, Joanne E. Atay, and Ronald W. Manderscheid
In 1987, staff from the American Psychological Association, American Psychiatric Association, National Association of Social Workers, and professional psychiatric nursing formed a work group on human resources data. Their purposes were to identify common, core data on human resources from each discipline, to prepare a chapter for Mental Health 1990, to identify gaps in the data, to determine how to address or fill those gaps, and to improve survey compatibility between their disciplines.