Throughout the history of mathematics, there are several individuals with significant contributions. However, if we look at the contribution of a single family in this field, the Bernoulli probably outshines others in terms of both the number of mathematicians it produced and their influence on the development of mathematics. The most outstanding three Bernoulli mathematicians are Jacob I Bernoulli (1654-1705), Johann I Bernoulli (1667-1748), and Daniel Bernoulli (1700-1782), all three of whom were the most influential math experts in the academic community yet very hostile to each other. Their family structure and jealousy toward each other might have fueled their massive contributions to mathematics.
Bui, Dung (Yom) and Allali, Mohamed
"The Bernoulli Family: Their Massive Contributions to Mathematics and Hostility Toward Each Other,"
e-Research: A Journal of Undergraduate Work: Vol. 2
, Article 6.
Available at: http://digitalcommons.chapman.edu/e-Research/vol2/iss2/6